by volume, is the second largest Great Lake and the only one
located totally within the United States.
is the third largest Great Lake by surface area (behind Lake
Superior and Lake Huron).
is the 5th largest lake in the world.
discharges into Lake Huron through the Straits of Mackinac
at a rate that allows for a complete change of water about
every 100 years.
Lake Michigan rises or drops equals 390 billion gallons more
or less water in the lake.
The lake forms
a link in a waterway system that reaches east to the
Atlantic Ocean through the St. Lawrence Seaway and south
through the Chicago River locks, to the Mississippi River
and on to the Gulf of Mexico.
percent of all Great Lakes fishing is done in Lake Michigan.
10,000 ships have sunk in the Great Lakes - with 3,000 of
those in Lake Michigan.
contains the worlds largest collection of freshwater sand
Bear Plateau is a 4 square-mile field of dunes, crowned by
Sleeping Bear Dune, the highest dune in the state, rising to
more than 440 feet above Lake Michigan.
"Michigan" was originally used to refer to the lake itself,
and is believed to come from the Ojibwa Indian word
mishigami, meaning "great water."
is bounded, from west to east, by the U.S. states of
Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and Michigan.
is the largest freshwater lake in the United States.
stone, Michigan's state stone, is composed of a fossilized
coral, and the only place in the world it is found is on
Lake Michigan beaches in northern Michigan.
was formed during the last Ice Age as glaciers advanced and
then retreated across the region, creating large glacial
The sand on
Lake Michigan beaches in southwestern Michigan is often
called "sugar sand" because it resembles grains of sugar in
size and purity. The sand is also referred to as "singing
sands" because of the squeaking noise, caused by high quartz
content, made when walking across it.